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SPECIALIST TERMINOLOGY

AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLE (AGV): Fully automated transport vehicle for moving containers between quayside > container gantry cranes and storage blocks.

BLOCK STORAGE: HHLA uses automated storage blocks served by rail-mounted gantry cranes for compact stacking of containers.

CONTAINER GANTRY CRANE: Crane unit for loading and discharging containerships. A distinction is drawn between panmax-, post-panmax- and super-post-panmax container gantry cranes for handling ships of the corresponding sizes.

CONTRACT LOGISTICS: Business model based on long-term cooperation and division of labour between manufacturers of goods and logistics service providers, regulated by a service contract. Providers of contract logistics take on logistics and such logistics-related tasks along the value-added chain as packing, sorting or processing.

FACILITY MANAGEMENT: Describes the maintenance and administration of buildings, installations and similar facilities such as cool stores or a banana ripening plant.

FEEDER, FEEDERSHIP: Regional ship for further distribution of smaller quantities of containers to ports not called at direct by large containerships. From Hamburg, feeders serve the Baltic region and Scandinavia, for example.

GROUND-HANDLING VEHICLES: Vehicles capable of shifting, stacking and transferring goods on land.  See also > reach stackers or > straddle carriers.

HAMBURG-ANTWERP RANGE: The term used to describe the major North European ports of Hamburg, Bremerhaven, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp and Zeebrügge that are in direct competition along the North Sea coast.

HINTERLAND: Describes a port’s entire catchment area.

INTERMODAL OR INTERMODAL-SYSTEMS: Transport utilizing several carriers (rail, water, road) and combining the special advantages of each.

ISPS – CODE: The international code for obviating threats to ships and port facilities (International Ship and Port Facility Security) and minimizing the threat of terrorist attacks.

LOCAL FREIGHT: Local freight originating in the immediately surrounding economic region, being produced, processed or consumed there. For the Port of Hamburg, this is the Hamburg metropolitan region with over four million inhabitants.

 

MOVE: Statistical count for the number of containers moved by a container gantry crane.

MULTI-FUNCTION TERMINAL: Universal terminal for handling general cargoes of various kinds, vehicles, for example, conventional general cargoes and containers.

MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION: see > Intermodal

NORTH RANGE: Northern European overseas ports. In the narrower sense the term is often used as a synonym for the > Hamburg-Antwerp-Range, and in a wider sense its is understood to mean all the major mainland European ports from Le Havre as far as Hamburg as well as Gothenburg.

PANMAX CLASS: Containerships that can transit the locks of the Panama Canal. They can accommodate up to 5,000 standard containers, whereas more than 18,000 standard containers will fit on to the larger containerships of the post-panmax class.

REACH STACKERS: Ground-handling vehicles fitted with an angled telescopic arm that can carry up to two containers simultaneously and heave these over other boxes.

REEFER CONTAINERS: Containers fitted with an integrated cooling system – reefers, for short, a term also applied to ships.

RoRo: The abbreviation for "roll-on, roll-off" describes a loading procedure for goods that can be rolled (driven) on to a ship.

SEABORNE INTERCONTINENTAL TRADES: Intercontinental goods traffic by sea, mainly involving deployment of large containerships.

STANDARD CONTAINERS: see > TEU

 

STRADDLE CARRIER (ALSO VAN-CARRIER): Usually eight-wheeled, handling unit for moving containers at terminals. The driver controls his van-carrier from above the container, lifting this and stacking it in several layers.

TERMINAL: Transport industry term for a site (including the infrastructure) at which goods can be transhipped between different modes of transport.

TEU (TWENTY-FOOT EQUIVALENT UNIT): Normed standard container in global use as a measuring unit for standardized counting of container quantities. This twenty-foot container is twenty feet (6.1 meter) long, 2.44 meter wide and 2.59 meter high.

TRIMODAL: Term used to describe a logistics facility with links to the three modes of transport, i.e., rail, road and water.

UNLOADER: Unit for discharging coal and ore carriers.