Self-driving trucks operate autonomously at the HHLA Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA), and even the loading and unloading processes are fully automated. This may sound like science fiction, but it has already been tested with MAN Truck & Bus as part of a joint project on driverless vehicles at the Port of Hamburg. The goal: to actively shape the goods transport of the future. “Hamburg TruckPilot” is the name of the highly innovative project for the development of automated solutions in road transport.
This is how tests are carried out: the truck receives the autonomous driving order via touchpad at the check gate. It autonomously drives to the assigned block storage to deliver its container. The drive is monitored by a MAN safety driver. The truck is even able to back into a parking space in the assigned block storage aisle with high precision. The truck then autonomously leaves the CTA.
In future, “Hamburg TruckPilot” is expected to provide truck drivers with both support and relief. Drivers are thus able to leave their vehicles during the subsequent autonomous loading and unloading at the terminal and use that time for mandatory breaks. Other advantages include reduced fuel consumption, which is a result of anticipatory, automated driving, and increased safety.
HHLA and the truck manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus, which is owned by the Volkswagen Group, are testing automated and self-driving trucks in real-life scenarios. The HHLA Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA) will serve as an important test environment. “Hamburg TruckPilot” is the name of the highly innovative research and testing project for the development of automated solutions in road transport. The aim of the partnership is to analyse and validate the precise requirements for customer-specific deployment and integration of self-driving trucks into the automated container throughput process under realistic conditions. At the same time, the two companies will also be defining pioneering standards for the associated methodology and implementation.
Initially, the project will involve two prototype trucks equipped with the corresponding electronic automation systems. In fully automated and autonomous operation they will unload and reload at the terminal CTA. Trained safety driver will always be deployed in the vehicle to monitor the automation systems. They will be able to intervene and take control as needed.
In future, automated driving functionalities will both support truck drivers in their work and relieve them of some of the strain. For example - during the autonomous loading and unloading at the terminal, they could leave the vehicle and use that time for mandatory breaks. Further potential advantages are found in the increase in efficiency that results from anticipatory, automated driving. The concept significantly reduces fuel consumption and can positively influence the general flow of traffic. The project partners also promise an increase in overall safety.
The Hamburg TruckPilot project is part of the strategic mobility partnership between the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and Volkswagen AG.