HHLA has been working on the mobility of the future for years. Various new solutions for road and terminal traffic are being tested at its facilities. Autonomous trucks were driving at HHLA Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA) as part of the successful "Hamburg TruckPilot" project. Even their loading and unloading can be fully automated. HHLA TK Estonia's terminal in Muuga, Estonia, is testing a different approach together with the start-up FERNRIDE.
Until trucks and terminal tractors are allowed to move autonomously, there are still some hurdles to overcome. Human-assisted autonomy is considered a transitional solution. The start-up FERNRIDE, in which HHLA Next has a stake, is developing safe technologies for this. At HHLA TK Estonia, the FERNRIDE tractors are already transporting containers through the port. Where will the road from teleoperated to fully autonomous lead?
In future, “Hamburg TruckPilot” is expected to provide truck drivers with both support and relief. Drivers will be able to leave their vehicles during the subsequent autonomous loading and unloading at the terminal and use that time for mandatory breaks. Other advantages include reduced fuel consumption, which is a result of anticipatory, automated driving, and increased safety.
HHLA and the truck manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus, which is owned by the Volkswagen Group, successfully tested automated and self-driving trucks in real-life scenarios. The HHLA Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA) served as an important test environment. “Hamburg TruckPilot” is the name of the highly innovative research and testing project for the development of automated solutions in road transport. The aim of the partnership is to analyse and validate the precise requirements for customer-specific deployment and integration of self-driving trucks into the automated container throughput process under realistic conditions. At the same time, the two companies will also be defining pioneering standards for the associated methodology and implementation.
Initially, the project involved two prototype trucks equipped with the corresponding electronic automation systems. In fully automated and autonomous operation they unload and reload at the terminal CTA. Trained safety driver were always deployed in the vehicle to monitor the automation systems. They were able to intervene and take control as needed.
In the future, automated driving functionalities will both support truck drivers in their work and relieve them of some of the strain. For example - during the autonomous loading and unloading at the terminal, they could leave the vehicle and use that time for mandatory breaks. Further potential advantages are found in the increase in efficiency that results from anticipatory, automated driving. The concept significantly reduces fuel consumption and can positively influence the general flow of traffic. The project partners also promise an increase in overall safety.
The Hamburg TruckPilot project is part of the strategic mobility partnership between the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and Volkswagen AG.
Autonomous driving is coming: Interview with Till Schlumberger and Sebastian Völl, the project leaders of Hamburg TruckPilot at HHLA and MAN Truck & Bus.